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S-phase analysis using bromodeoxyuridine uptake

The determination of the percentage of cells in S-phase is dependent upon the detection of a thymidine analogue, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), which when added to culture medium is incorporated into DNA during DNA replication and bivariate analysis of total DNA content using propidium iodide staining along the X-axis plotted against BrdU incorporation detected via FITC labelled antibodies to BrdU on the Y-axis. Immediately following a pulse of BrdU labelling, the green fluorescence (BrdU content) is observed in S-phase. If the population is sampled every 1 h to 2 h, the passage of labelled cells into G2 can be observed followed by the appearance of green fluorescence in G1 as the cells pass through mitosis. The fluorescence intensity is halved as the cells divide because the average amount of BrdU per cell is halved. Green fluorescence reappearing in S-phase is indicative of a complete cell cycle and the time taken is indicative of the cell cycle kinetics for the cell population sampled. Depending on the cell type, the BrdU pulse can be as short as 6 min and still be detectable by flow cytometry.


TS MacFie, R Poulsom, A Parker, G Warnes, TBoitsova, A Nijhuis, N Suraweera, APoehlmann, JSzary, R Feakins, R Jeffery, RW Harper, AM Jubb, JO Lindsay, A Silver.  DUOX2 and DUOXA2 form the predominant enzyme system capable of producing the reactive oxygen species H2O2 in active ulcerative colitis and are modulated by 5-aminosalicylic acid.  Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Jan 2014.

A Chikh, RNH Matin, V Senatore, M Hufbauer, D Lavery, C Raimondi, P Ostano, M Mello-Grand, C Ghimenti, A Bahta, S Khalaf, B Akgul, KM Braun, G Chiorino, MP Philpott, CA Harwood, D Bergamaschi. iASPP/p63 autoreulatory feedbacl loop is required for the homeostasis of stratified epithelia. EMBO, 30, 4261-4273, 2011.


BrdU detection by acid treatment

BrdU detection by enzymatic digestion

by Gary Warnes. © Queen Mary, University of London 2007
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